Whether you are an experienced or new dog owner, it is vital to know diseases that affect dogs. Some diseases are less likely to cause death, while others have the potential of killing your pooches in the shortest time possible after infection, and one of these is parvovirus. In particular, puppies are more likely to contract the disease than adult dogs because their immune system is still weak.
Unluckily, the virus has no particular cure. However, if your pup is infected, they can get treatment for survival. Parvo treatment is mostly an emergency because it’s not easy to know your dog is affected until it worsens.
What is Parvo?
Parvo is a regular dog disease caused by viruses and is highly contagious. If prevention and treatment are not done the right way, the condition can be life-threatening.
How Dogs get infected with Parvo
Parvo can be passed through fecal matter. If your pup comes into contact with feces of an infected dog, they are likely to get the disease. Before a dog can shed the virus through their poop, the incubation period is three days and do that up to 14 days after treatment. If the feces are in shaded areas, the virus will stay alive up to 7 months. This means the virus will just be hanging around. After infection, the virus attaches to the lining of the dog’s intestines.
How to Know if Your Dog is Infected with Parvo
Attachment of the virus to the pup’s intestinal lining leads to irritation and inflammation within the stomach causing these signs:
- Loss of weight
- Decreased energy or lethargy
- Loss of appetite or complete refusal of food
- Vomiting and nausea
- Severe diarrhea. The feces have traces of blood.
The signs can appear all of a sudden. Because the dog does not absorb fluids and nutrients, has severe diarrhea, and is vomiting, they become dehydrated faster.
You should see a veterinary officer immediately you notice such signs because you cannot accurately tell what disease your dog is suffering from. The vet will do several tests like ELISA test, abdominal x-rays, counting of the white blood cells, urine analysis, and antigen text. They will also require you to name all signs your dog has been exhibiting and for how long. Ensure you carry the medical records of your dog because the vet may need them.
Once your dog is diagnosed with Parvo, treatment needs to begin immediately. Like earlier stated, Parvo has no particular medication. Treating Parvo involves ensuring the pup is hydrated and treating or preventing other infections caused by bacteria so that the immune system of your puppy can fight the virus. The following is included in treatment:
- Anti-diarrhea medicine
- Anti-nausea injections
- Balanced fluid therapy
After controlling the dog’s nausea, you need to feed them with easily digestible, high-quality foods. Ensure you feed the dog small amounts of food frequently, for example, after every 2 hours.
How Much to Treat Parvo
Hospitalization is necessary if your dog is diagnosed with Parvo, and this takes 3-5 days. They also require to be given IV fluids for the best results. You will spend $1000-2500, which is determined by how many days the pup stays in the hospital, the severity of the infection and the hospital you took them to.
If you take your pup to a specialty clinic or emergency clinic, you are likely to pay more. Having a vet treat your pooch will cost you $1000-2500 if the disease is severe.
Why Treating Parvo is Expensive
There are several reasons why treating Parvo is so expensive. One of them is that several tests have to be done before it’s concluded that your pup has Parvo. These will cost several hundred dollars. Hospitalization stay, medication, IVs, and surgeries that may need to be done are other reasons why treatment is expensive.
It is costly to treat Parvo, and since you know that, you have what you require to prevent your dog from getting infected For example, you need to make sure your pup gets vaccinated whenever they are supposed to. Never skip these vaccines because they ensure the dog’s immune system is strong to fight infections.